National Intellectual Property Organization
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Frequently asked questions

What are IPR's?

Intellectual property, very broadly, means the legal rights, which result from intellectual activity in the industrial, scientific, literary and artistic fields. Intellectual property includes rights relating to performances of performing artists, phonograms, and broadcasts, inventions in all fields of human endeavor, scientific discoveries, industrial designs and integrated circuits, patents, trademarks, service marks, and commercial names and designations, geographicalindications,protection against unfair competition and all other rights resulting from intellectual activity in the above fields.

Why are they important?

C ountries have laws to protect intellectual property for two main reasons. One is to give statutory expression to the moral and economic rights of creators in their creations and such rights of the public in access to those creations. The second is to promote, as a deliberate act of Government policy, creativity and the dissemination and application of its results and to encourage fair-trading, which would contribute to economic and social development in view of the immense commercial value of intellectual property.

What happens if you do not register your ownership rights?

Non-registration of ownership rights may lead to someone else use the intellectual property without any benefits to you and even assume ownership of the said property. Patent and copyright information also helps in avoiding duplication of research.

What are the organizations dealing with IPR's?

The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) of the UNbased in Geneva,is the apexintergovernmental body dealing with IPR's. Besides there are various international organizations implementing a number of global treaties in the realm of intellectual property.In India the Ministry of Commerce & Industry, Ministry of Human Resource Development, Ministry of Information & Broadcasting and the Department of Science and Technology (TIFAC),are concerned with issues relating to IPR's. Other bodies include apex chambers of commerce such as CII , FICCI, ASSOCHAM etc.

Why is NIPO needed?

The absence of any umbrella non-governmental organization in the country, to cater to issues of creation, dissemination and safety of intellectual property requires a serious initiative in this vital subject of strategic potential. The need for a non-governmental intellectual property organization with an international perspective has been felt more in view of the fact that there is growing similarity in the approach and procedures governing intellectual property matters in various countries and simplification of practices through international standardization and mutual recognition of rights and duties among nations for which governments have negotiated and adopted multilateral treaties in various fields of intellectual property, each of which establishes a"Union" of countries which agrees to grant to nationals of other countries of the Union the same protection as they grant to their own, as well as to follow certain common rules, standards and practices. NIPO's role is to protect and promote our interests in the current globalized scenario as well as to ensure a smooth transition into the international mainstream.

Why must you become a member of NIPO?

NIPO provides a comprehensive single window reference system on IP both nationally and globally. In an economic space where companies markets know no boundaries, prudent IP management practices within corporations can provide a long term insurance against loss of market share. Y our association with NIPO would add to the positive image of your company, as adherence to rule based practices in the market place would further increase consumer confidence.

Who can join?

The membership of the Organization is open to individuals, corporates, professionals, government institutions and all those who own/ wish to trade in, or are the creators /inventors of intellectual property. The factors, which are considered in granting memberships to corporates are a good track record in business operations, strong financial commitment and a significant R&D component in the products and services offered.The details of the memberships availabe are given in the membership form. Members are required to comply with the Organizations rules and regulations and are entitled to hold office and vote in the meetings of the Organization.

The Scientist, the Patent and the Mangoes - Tripling the Mango Yield in the Philippines

By Elizabeth March, WIPO Magazine Editorial Team** Source: WIPO Magazine Issue No. 6/2008 dated June 2008
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