National Intellectual Property Organization
World IP Day 2017
Innovation - Improving Lives

About Intellectual Property

Ideas and knowledge constitute an important part of trade. Creators have a right to prevent others from using their inventions, designs or other creations. The extent of such protection and enforcement varied widely around the world and these differences were a source of tension in international economic relations. There was thus a need for harmonization and predictability for disputes to be settled more systematically. The World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS Agreement), which came into force in 1995, brought with it a new era in the multilateral protection and enforcement of IP rights. Provisions in the TRIPS Agreement concerning copyright and related rights, patents, trademarks, geographical indications, industrial designs, and layout designs of integrated circuits, directly complement the international treaties administered by the WIPO secretariat. An Agreement between WIPO and the WTO since 1996 provides for cooperation concerning the implementation of the TRIPS Agreement, such as notification of laws and regulations, and legislative assistance to member countries.

Intellectual property is divided into two categories: Industrial property which includes patents for inventions, trademarks, industrial designs and geographical indications and Copyright and related rights which cover literary and artistic expressions (e.g. books, films, music, architecture, art), plus the rights of performing artists in their performances, producers of phonograms in their recordings, and broadcasters in their radio and television broadcasts which are also referred to as neighboring rights.

The Scientist, the Patent and the Mangoes - Tripling the Mango Yield in the Philippines

By Elizabeth March, WIPO Magazine Editorial Team** Source: WIPO Magazine Issue No. 6/2008 dated June 2008
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